Portuguese Electronic Literature Collection

Description: 

The Portuguese Electronic Literature Collection (PELC) at the ELMCIP KB aims to address and collect the most relevant creative and critical works produced by Portuguese authors in the field of electronic literature during the past forty-five years. The collection also brings together authors, events, organizations, publishers, journals, publications, conferences, performances and exhibitions related to the Portuguese context.

The first works of electronic literature produced in Portugal have primarily dealt with computer-generated literature (CGL). Pedro Barbosa’s A Literatura Cibernética 1: Autopoemas Gerados por Computador (1977) and A Literatura Cibernética 2: Um Sintetizador de Narrativas (1980) can be understood as the first major works combining literary creation with computational programming. In these volumes, besides a critical framework, Barbosa published a selection of the outputs (poetry and fiction) of his text generators programmed in a mainframe computer, a practice developed in other media and languages since the 1980s until nowadays. Meanwhile, between 1981 and 1983, Silvestre Pestana developed a series of kinetic and visual poems, Computer Poetry, using the home computers ZX81 and ZX Spectrum. E.M. de Melo e Castro, a pioneer of videopoetry, e.g. Roda Lume (1968), created several videopoems during the 1980s with the assistance of electronic equipment, and worked with image editing software, coining the term ‘infopoetry’ to describe his poetic work with electronic media. Furthermore, Melo e Castro has been widely theorizing on many aspects of literary experimentalism, videopoetry and infoliterature.

In the contemporary scene it is worth noting authors such as Antero de Alda and Manuel Portela, who began their artistic trajectory in the late 1980s in the context of visual and, then, digital poetry, being Portela’s theoretical oeuvre singularly strong. From 2000 onwards, there is a new generation of creators-programmers, such as André Sier, a digital artist who has also developed textual works, and Rui Torres, a writer whose creative and critical work, influenced by Barbosa, has proved decisive not only in elaborating combinatorial and networked digital poems, but also in disseminating the PO.EX legacy and cyberliterature in the panorama of literary studies.

PELC uses sources from different essays and monographs – e.g. Poemografias: Perspectivas da Poesia Visual Portuguesa (1985), edited by Fernando Aguiar and Silvestre Pestana, E.M. de Melo e Castro’s Poética dos Meios e Arte High Tech (1988), Pedro Barbosa’s A Ciberliteratura: Criação Literária e Computador (1996) and Christopher T. Funkhouser’s Prehistoric Digital Poetry: An Archaeology of Forms, 1959-1995 (2007) – in addition to online databases and archives, such as the ELMCIP KB and the PO.EX, benefiting from the collaboration with Manuel Portela and Rui Torres, principal investigator of the Digital Archive of Portuguese Experimental Literature.

As a further media contribution, PELC contains a video interview with Manuel Portela and Rui Torres recorded during the Electronic Literature Organization 2013 conference “Chercher Le Texte,” in Paris, bringing into question some of the important characteristics, influences and future directions of Portuguese e-lit.

—Álvaro Seiça, August 2013-August 2015

For PELC's synopsis in Portuguese, read the PDF in "PELC/CLEP: Portuguese Synopsis/Sinopse em Português": http://elmcip.net/node/9990

Note: A full critical analysis of the collection and the specific literary, political, historical and media elements that run from the Portuguese Experimental Poetry movement to current e-lit environments was published in Portuguese in Texto Digital (2015): https://elmcip.net/node/10760

PELC was presented during the ELO 2014 conference, in Milwaukee, US (June 19-21) and at the Doctoral Programme in Advanced Studies in the Materialities of Literature (June 25, 2014), School of Arts and Humanities, University of Coimbra, Portugal.

+ info: http://elmcip.net/node/9736

http://elmcip.net/node/9401

Po-ex.net entry: http://www.po-ex.net/taxonomia/transtextualidades/metatextualidades-alog...

Multimedia: 

People:

Name Residency
Pedro Barbosa
Porto
Portugal
PT
Silvestre Pestana
Vila Nova de Gaia , Porto
Portugal
PT
Rui Torres
Oporto
Portugal
PT
Manuel Portela
Coimbra
Portugal
PT
José Augusto Mourão
Portugal
PT
Pedro Reis
Oporto
Portugal
PT
E. M. de Melo e Castro
Brazil
BR
Antero de Alda
Amarante
Portugal
PT
André Sier
Lisbon
Portugal
PT
Luís Carlos Petry
Sao Paulo
Brazil
BR
Filipe Valpereiro
Oporto
Portugal
PT
Luís Aly
Oporto
Portugal
PT
Marta Meira
Nuno M. Cardoso
Porto
Portugal
PT
Ana Carvalho
Oporto
Portugal
PT
Ana Hatherly
Lisbon
Portugal
PT
Sérgio Bairon
Sao Paulo
Brazil
BR
Leonel Valbom
Abílio Cavalheiro
Nuno F. Ferreira
Oporto
Portugal
PT

Critical Writing:

Title Author Year
Between Code and Motion: Generative and Kinetic Poetry in French, Portuguese, and Spanish Manuel Portela 2011
PO.EX '70-­80: The Electronic Multimodal Repository Rui Torres, Manuel Portela 2011
Kissing the Steak: The Poetry of Text Generators Chris Funkhouser 2009
Teoria Do Homem Sentado Pedro Barbosa 1996
Semiótica e Cibercultura: "Metacarne", ou a vida depois da carne José Augusto Mourão 2009
Portuguese E-Lit Archive Rui Torres 2011
A Ciberliteratura: Criação Literária e Computador Pedro Barbosa 1996
Apenas estas palavras mutantes Pedro Barbosa 2006
The Machine in the Text, and the Text in the Machine Manuel Portela 2010
PO.EX (Interview with Manuel Portela) David Jhave Johnston, Manuel Portela 2012
Performing the Digital Archive: Remediation, Emulation, Recreation Manuel Portela 2012
Poesia luso-brasileira contemporânea: do verbo ao pixel Débora Santos e Silva, Rui Torres 2010
Poesia Experimental e Ciberliteratura: por uma literatura marginal izada? Rui Torres 2013
PO.EX: Essays from Portugal on Cyberliterature and Intermedia E. M. de Melo e Castro, Pedro Barbosa, Ana Hatherly 2014
Scripting Reading Motions: The Codex and the Computer as Self-Reflexive Machines Manuel Portela 2013
Concrete Poetry in Portugal Experimentalism and Intermediality Rui Torres 2010
Poesia em meio digital: algumas observações Rui Torres 2004
Poetic Transformations in(to) the Digital Friedrich W. Block, Rui Torres 2007
Teaching Poetry With New Media Rui Torres 2010
Ciberdrama e Hipermédia Rui Torres, Luís Carlos Petry 2008

Organizations:

Name Location
University Fernando Pessoa
Oporto
Portugal
PT
Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa
FSCH - UNL
Avenida de Berna, 26-C
1069-061 Lisbon
Portugal
PT
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto
Via Panorâmica, s/n
4150-564 Porto
Portugal
PT
Centro de Estudos de Comunicação e Linguagens (CECL)/ The Research Center in Communication and Languages (CECL)
NOVA University of Lisbon
Avenida de Berna, 26-C, 5.º andar, sala 506
1069-061 Lisboa
Portugal
PT
Centro de Literatura Portuguesa
Centro de Literatura Portuguesa
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Coimbra
3004-530 Coimbra
Portugal
PT
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Coimbra/ Faculty of Arts and Humanities of the University of Coimbra
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Coimbra
Largo da Porta Férrea
3004-530 Coimbra
Portugal
PT
Universidade de Coimbra, FCT PhD Programme in Materialities of Literature
Largo da Porta Férrea
3004-530 Coimbra
Portugal
PT

Publishers:

Name Location
Edições UFP
Oporto
Portugal
PT
Edições Afrontamento
Portugal
PT
Edições Árvore
Porto
Portugal
PT
Edições Cosmos
Chamusca
Rua Direita de São Pedro, n.º 207 - Apartado 82
2140-909 Chamusca
Portugal
PT
CITARJournal: Journal of Science and Technology of the Arts
Universidade Católica Portuguesa – Centro Regional do Porto
Rua Diogo Botelho, 1327
4169-005 Porto
Portugal
PT
Associação C.C.G.
Guimarães
Portugal
PT
Via Letterae
VIA LITTERAE – Revista [online] de Linguística e Teoria Literária - Universidade Estadual de Goiás - UEG - Curso de Letras
Av. Juscelino Kubitschek, 146, Bairro Jundiaí
CEP 75110-390 Anápolis , GO
Brazil
Goias BR
Op. Cit.: Revista de Estudos Anglo-Americanos/A Journal of Anglo-American Studies
Lisbon
Portugal
PT
Cibertextualidades
Porto
Praça 9 de Abril, 349
4249-004 Porto
Portugal
PT
Revista de Estudos Literários
Centro de Literatura Portuguesa, Revista de Estudos Literários – Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Coimbra
Largo da Porta Férrea
3004 - 530 Coimbra
Portugal
PT
Vega
Vega
Alto dos Moinhos, 6-A
1500-459 Lisbon
Portugal
PT
Livros Horizonte
Livros Horizonte
Rua das Chagas, 17 – 1.º Dt.º
1200-106 Lisbon
Portugal
PT
Revista da Faculdade de Ciências Humanas e Sociais
Porto
Portugal
PT
Revista de Comunicação e Linguagens
Centro de Estudos de Comunicação e Linguagens, FCSH-UNL
Av. de Berna, 26-C, 5.º andar, sala 506
1069-061 Lisbon
Portugal
PT
MATLIT: Materialities of Literature
University of Coimbra, Centro de Literatura Portuguesa, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Coimbra 3004-530 Coimbra
Portugal
PT
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Record posted by: 
Alvaro Seica