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Java is a general-purpose programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995.
The two main components of the Java platform are the Java Application Programming Interface, which is a library of Java command lines, and the Java Virtual Machine that interprets Java code into machine language.

Java can be used by developers to:
- Write software on one platform and run it on any other platform.
- Create programs that can run within a web browser and access available web services.
- Develop server-side applications for online forums, stores, polls, and more.
- Combine applications or services using the Java language to create customized applications or services.
- Write applications for mobile phones, remote processors, wireless modules, sensors, and practically any other electronic device.

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Version history (text): 

Major release versions of Java, with release dates:

- JDK 1.0 (January 21, 1996)
- JDK 1.1 (February 19, 1997)
- J2SE 1.2 (December 8, 1998)
- J2SE 1.3 (May 8, 2000)
- J2SE 1.4 (February 6, 2002)
- J2SE 5.0 (September 30, 2004)
- Java SE 6 (December 11, 2006)
- Java SE 7 (July 28, 2011)
- Java SE 8 (March 18, 2014)


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Daniela Ørvik